Brownsville, Texas, Talk:Brownsville, Texas
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is a city in Cameron County
, United States
. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 139,722. As of 2005, U.S. Census estimates put Brownsville at a population of 167,493. It is the county seat
of Cameron .
Brownsville is located at coor (25.930307, , on the U.S.-Mexico border
(marked here by the Rio Grande
or Río Bravo del Norte) from Matamoros
According to the United States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of 215.0 km²
), making it by far the largest city in the Rio Grande Valley
. 208.2 km² (80.4 mi²) of it is land and 6.8 km² (2.6 mi²) of it (3.16%) is water.
As of the population density
was 671.0/km² (1,737.8/mi²). There were 42,323 housing units at an average density of 203.2/km² (526.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 81.65% White
, 0.41% African American
, 0.42% Native American
, 0.54% Asian
, 0.03% Pacific Islander
, 14.66% from other races
, and 2.29% from two or more races. 91.28% of the population are Hispanic
of any race.
There were 38,174 households out of which 50.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% were married couples
living together, 20.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.7% were non-families. 13.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.62 and the average family size was 3.99.
In the city the population was spread out with 34.6% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 17.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 89.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $24,468, and the median income for a family was $26,186. Males had a median income of $21,739 versus $17,116 for females. The per capita income
for the city was $9,762. About 32.4% of families and 36.0% of the population were below the poverty line
, including 45.0% of those under age 18 and 31.0% of those age 65 or over.
In 2000, the median gross rent paid for housing in Brownsville was $405 per month. This was the lowest of any city in the United States with more than 100,000 people.http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/2003/cb03-90.html
*According to the U.S. Census Bureau, only 51.7% of the population has a high school diploma.
*According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 87.2% speak a language other than English at home.http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=&_geoContext=&_street=&_county=Brownsville&_cityTown=Brownsville&_state=04000US48&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010
History 220px|thumb|right|Brownsville, Texas in [1857
* Fort Texas
, a fort on the Mexican border was commissioned in 1845
less than a mile
from what would become downtown Brownsville.
* Not even completed yet, the Mexican Army began the Siege of Fort Texas
on May 3
. One of the only two American soldiers who died in the attack was the Fort's commander, Major Jacob Brown, in honor of whom the post was renamed to Fort Brown
* The Battle of Palo Alto
occurred five miles from the present location of downtown Brownsville on May 8
, the first battle of the Mexican-American War
. On May 9
, the Battle of Resaca de la Palma
was fought within the bounds of the present city limits.
* Brownsville was established in January 13
by Charles Stillman
* On July 13 1859
, the First Cortina War
started. Juan Nepomuceno Cortina
would become one of the most important historical figures of the area, and continued to exert a decisive influence in the local events until his arrest in 1875
. The First Cortina War ended on December 27
. In May of 1861
, the brief Second Cortina War
* During the Civil War
Brownsville was used as a smuggling point for Confederate goods into Mexico
* On May 15
a month after the surrender had been signed at Appomattox Court House
the Battle of Palmito Ranch
* On Valentine's day
, 2 inches of snow
fell in Brownsville. This was the first recorded instance of snow in the region.
* On August 13
, and 14th 1906
Brownsville was the site of the Brownsville Raid
* On December 8
Brownsville's first international bridge was opened, which was called the Brownsville & Matamoros Bridge.
* On September 8
The Junior College of the Lower Rio Grande Valley (later known as Texas Southmost College
) admitted its first class.
* In 1945
Fort Brown was decommissioned and in 1948
the City and College acquired the land.
* From 1945
Brownsville population doubled from 25,000 to 52,000 people.
* In 1991
Brownsville receives a University via the partnership between the University of Texas at Brownsville and Texas Southmost College
* Brownsville was declared an All-America City
in the year 2001
* On December 25
, Brownsville and the Rio Grande Valley
had the first instance of measurable snow in 109 years, with 1 1/2 inches, and the first recorded White Christmas
. This was part of the 2004 Christmas Eve Snowstorm
. The snow was subsequently sold on eBay
City Governmentthumb|right|300px|Picture of Brownsville taken on Elizabeth on the right is the "Old Federal Courthouse" which Brownsville uses to hold City Commission meetings.
Brownsville has a Council-Manager style of Government. The Mayor and six City Commissioners, two At-Large and four District, serve staggered four year terms. With elections for one At-Large and two District seats every two years. General elections are held on the first Saturday of May in odd numbered years.
As of 2006, the members of the Commission are:
*Mayor: Eddie Treviño (Since 2003)
*Commissioner At-Large "A": Sally Arroyo (Since 2003)
*Commissioner At-Large "B": Ernie Hernandez (Since 2005)
*Commissioner District 1: Ricardo Longoria Jr. (Since 2003)
*Commissioner District 2: Charlie Atkinson (Since 2006)
*Commissioner District 3: Carlos Cisneros (Since 2002)
*Commissioner District 4: Edward Camarillo (Since 2005)
Charlie Atkinson won the special election to fill the vacated District 2 seat on Saturday, 13 May
2006. Atkinson will hold the seat for the remainder of former incumbent David Betancourt's term. David Betancourt vacated his seat on 3 January 2006 to run for Cameron County treasurer.
The next regular elections for the City will occur in the following years:
*At-Large "A": 2007
*At-Large "B": 2009
*District 1: 2007
*District 2: 2007 (*)
*District 3: 2009
*District 4: 2009
The City Commission appoints the City Manager. As of 2006, the City Manager is Charlie Cabler.
The City Commission also appoints a six member Public Utilities Board for a four-year term. Members are limited to two consecutive or non-consecutive terms. The Mayor is an ex-officio member of the Board.
s===thumb|right|200px| UT School of Public Health
*The University of Texas at Brownsville and Texas Southmost College
*South Texas Vocational Technical Institute
Most of Brownsville is served by Brownsville Independent School District
. The B.I.S.D. counted its total enrollment in the 2003
at 45,986 students in 50 schools. It is the 17th largest school district in Texas. A portion of northern Brownsville is served by the Los Fresnos Consolidated Independent School District
In addition, Brownsville residents are allowed to apply to magnet schools operated by the South Texas Independent School District
, as well as B.I.S.D. magnet schools. Each B.I.S.D. high school has a magnet school within the school (example, Homer Hanna High School, a B.I.S.D. high school, has the district's medical magnet program).
Private and Parochial Schools
*Saint Joseph Academy
(grades 7 through 12)
*Valley Christian High School
*Brownsville SDA School
*http://www.episcopaldayschool.net/ Episcopal Day School
*First Baptist School
*Our Lady of Sorrows Catholic School
*Faith Christian Academy
*http://www.cdob.org/schools/guadalupe.htm Guadalupe Regional Middle School
*http://www.iw-academy.org/ Incarnate Word Academy
*Kenmont Montessori School
*http://www.cdob.org/schools/stluke.htm St. Luke's Catholic School
*http://www.stmarys-cs.org/ St. Mary's Catholic School
*Raul Yzaguirre School For Success
*Sentry Technology Prep Charter High School
Transportation==thumb|right|200px|A picture of Boca Chica Blvd. overlooking in the background U.S. Highway 77. Boca Chica Blvd. is a major traffic artery in Brownsville.thumb|right|200px|U.S. Highway 77 construction on Boca Chica Blvd.
The Brownsville Urban System
, or "BUS" for short, is the largest Mass Transit system in the Rio Grande Valley and the only Mass Transit system in Cameron County. BUS provides bus service throughout the City of Brownsville. BUS is particularly used by Mexican tourists as the main bus station is located within two blocks of Brownsville's Gateway International Bridge
. A north Brownsville transfer station was recently established in mid-Brownsville, expanding bus service to rapidly developing North Brownsville.
Brownsville is served by the following U.S. Highways
: U.S. 77
and U.S. 281
U.S. 77 is a proposed part of NAFTA
's future Interstate 69
Brownsville has 3 international bridges:
*The Brownsville & Matamoros (B&M) International Bridge
, known locally as the "Old Bridge".
**The B&M International Bridge also serves as an international railway for Union Pacific
*Gateway International Bridge
, known locally as the "new bridge" despite the fact that it's no longer the city's newest international bridge.
*The Veteran's International Bridge
at Los Tomates, or locally simply known as the "Los Tomates" or "Veteran's" bridge.
Brownsville has its own city-owned airport, the Brownsville/South Padre Island International Airport
. The airport is used for general aviation and is served by one commercial airline, Continental Airlines
, with an average of seven flights to Houston-Intercontinental
(depending on the day of the week).
Art and Culture
The Brownsville area is full of well-established art galleries and museums that represent not only art of the region and Mexico but feature traveling exhibits from all over the world.http://www.brownsvillehistory.org The Brownsville Heritage Complex
The Brownsville area is served by numerous local television affiliates.
(NBC 23) - Brownsville - http://www.kveo.com Official Site
(CBS 4) - Harlingen
- http://www.kgbt4.com Official Site
(ABC 5) - Weslaco
- http://www.newschannel5.tv Official Site
(Univision 48) - McAllen
- http://www.knvotv48.com Official Site
(FOX 2) - Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico
- http://www.myfoxrio.com Official Site
(Telemundo 40) - McAllen
(PBS 60) - Harlingen - http://www.kmbh.org Official Site
(i: Independent Television 20) - Brownsville
(TBN 44) - Harlingen
(Independent/Spanish 64) - Brownsville
* KFRQ 94.5FM - http://www.q945rocks.com Official Site
* KKPS 99.5FM - http://www.995quepasa.com Official Site
* KNVO 101.1FM - http://www.romantica101.com Official Site
* KVLY 107.9FM - http://www.mix1079.net Official Site
Triviathumb|right|300px|A picture of the Brownsville Masonic Temple, constructed in 1882 it was originally the County Courthouse
it is a good example of Brownsville's 19th century architecture.]
* Brownsville is the largest city in the Rio Grande Valley
, both in population and size.
* The motto of Brownsville is "On the Border by the Sea".
* Local attractions include the Gladys Porter Zoo, Camille Lightner Playhouse, a historical downtown with buildings over 150 years old, the Port of Brownsville and the Children's Museum of Brownsville. There is also easy access to South Padre Island
and the Mexican city of Matamoros, Tamaulipas
* Sunrise Mall is the only shopping mall
in the city of Brownsville. Since being remodeled in 2000 the mall has become the primary mall in the Brownsville-Harlingen metroplex. Brownsville previously had another shopping mall, Amigoland Mall
, though the building has since been purchased by the University of Texas at Brownsville
after many of its tenants moved from Amigoland to Sunrise.
* Brownsville (Brownsville-Harlingen-Raymondville) is one of the "America's Greenest Cities" according to Forbes.com.http://www.forbes.com/logistics/2006/04/03/greenest-cities-america-cx_rm_0403green.html
* Brownsville has been referenced in a number of songs. It is the hometown of the heroine in the song "Delta Dawn
". Bob Dylan
performed a song called "Brownsville Girl" (co-written with Robert Hunter
of Grateful Dead
fame). It is mentioned in the song "Matamoros Banks" by Bruce Springsteen
, and in the song "Texas Women" by Hank Williams Jr
. Jim White
recorded a song titled "That Girl from Brownsville, Texas". John Darnielle
of the Mountain Goats
wrote a song about Brownsville called "It's All Here in Brownsville" that appeared on Full Force Galesburg
. Brownsville Bay is referenced in the song "Somewhere Between Texas and Mexico" recorded by Pat Green
* Judge Reynaldo G. Garza (1915-2004) http://www.utexas.edu/law/news/2004/091604_garza.html
of Brownsville was first appointed to the United States District Court in 1961 by President Kennedy, and to the United States Court of Appeals by President Carter in 1978. Garza's biography All Rise: The First Mexican-American Federal Judge
was written by Louise Ann Fisch, also a Brownsville native. http://www.tamu.edu/upress/BOOKS/1996/fisch.htm
* The US Ambassador to Mexico, Antonio Oscar Garza, was born in Brownsville, Tx. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tony_Garza
* Federico Peña
, former U.S. Transportation Secretary, former U.S. Energy Secretary and former mayor of Denver
, was raised in Brownsville.
* Actor Kris Kristofferson
was born in Brownsville on June 22, 1936.
* Actress Elka Walker,http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0907720/
best known for "The Real World" series, was born in Brownsville on February 2, 1978.
*http://www.brownsvilleherald.com/ The Brownsville Herald
*http://www.ci.brownsville.tx.us/ City of Brownsville
*http://www.brownsville.org/ Brownsville Convention and Visitors Bureau
*http://www.brownsvillechamber.com/ Brownsville Chamber of Commerce
*http://www.wildtexas.com/parks/results.php?nearby_cities=Brownsville Brownsville Area Parks
*http://www.brownsvilleherald.com/ Brownsville Herald Online
*http://brownsvilleart.blogspot.com/ The Art of Brownsville Blog
*http://www.rgvwingcaf.com/ Rio Grande Valley Wing of the Commemorative Air ForceCategory:All-America CityCategory:Cameron County, TexasCategory:Cities in TexasCategory:International border crossingsCategory:County seats in Texasda:Brownsvillees:Brownsvillefr:Brownsvillenl:Brownsvillepl:Brownsville (Teksas)pt:Brownsville (Texas)sv:Brownsville, Texas