Jesse Ventura, Talk:Jesse Ventura
(born 15 July 1951
, as James George Janos
), also known as "The Body"
, The Star
, "The Mind"
, and "Governor Body"
, is an American politician, Navy UDT
, professional wrestler
, and radio talk show
In the Minnesota gubernatorial election of 1998
he was elected the 38th Governor of Minnesota
and served from 4 January 1999
to 6 January 2003
without seeking a second term.
Ventura ran as a candidate for the Reform Party of Minnesota
(but joined the Independence Party of Minnesota
when it broke from its association with the Reform Party of the United States of America
) and narrowly, but unexpectedly beat the major-party candidates: St. Paul
mayor Norm Coleman
) and Minnesota
Attorney General Hubert H. "Skip" Humphrey III
). Ventura went on to gain the highest approval rating of any governor in Minnesota history, with some polls ranking his public approval as high as the 73rd percentile, despite controversial public comments, in 1999. His campaign consisted of a combination of aggressive grassroots events and original television spots, designed by quirky adman Bill Hillsman
, using the phrase "Don't vote for politics as usual." He spent considerably less than his opponents (about $600,000), and is widely regarded as one of the first candidates to effectively use the Internet
as a medium of reaching out to voters in a political campaign.
Education, entertainment career, and early political career
Ventura was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota
to George William Janos (an ethnic Hungarian
from what is today Slovakia
) and Bernice Martha Lenz (a German American
). He (then known by his legal name of Janos) graduated from Minneapolis's Theodore Roosevelt
High School in 1969.
From September 11 1969
to September 10 1975
he served in the United States Navy
as a Navy UDT
and was on active duty January 5 1970
through December 10 1973
during the Vietnam era. Ventura served with Underwater Demolition Team 12
during his time on active duty. He later served reserve service as a member of SEAL
Team ONE. According to the United States Naval Special Warfare Command
policy, Ventura is entitled to use the title "SEAL", due to both his service in the UDT and SEAL teams, and his successful graduation from UDT-R (now BUD/S
) training. He was awarded the National Defense Ribbon and the Vietnam Service Ribbon but was not in combat to qualify for the Combat Action Ribbon. In his autobiography, Ventura described SEAL training as the toughest experience of his life. "It's worse than anything you can imagine", he wrote- "You have to want it bad, very bad". Ventura always mentioned how much he respected his SEAL instructor Master Chief Petty Officer Terry Moy. He asked Moy to stand by his side when he was sworn in as governor. He ended his inaugural address with the SEAL war cry "HOOYAH!"
He returned to Minnesota
and attended North Hennepin Community College
in the mid-1970s at the same time he began weight lifting
. It was around this time that he briefly served as a bodyguard for the Rolling Stones
. In 1975, he married his wife Terry (the couple now have two grown children).
He created the stage name Jesse "The Body" Ventura to go with the persona of a bully-ish beach body builder, taking "Ventura
" from a California
highway map. As a professional wrestler
, Ventura wrestled as a "heel
" (the "bad" guys), and often used the motto "Win if you can, lose if you must, but always cheat!" Much of his flamboyant persona was copied from "Superstar" Billy Graham
, a charismatic and popular performer during the 1970s and '80s. right|thumb|Gorilla Monsoon and Jesse Ventura.right|thumb|Jesse Ventura in the WWF.
In 1975, Ventura began his career in the Pacific Northwest territory, wrestling for promoter Don Owen. During his stay in Portland, he had notable feuds with Dutch Savage
and Jimmy Snuka
and won the Pacific Northwest Wrestling title twice (once from each wrestler), and the tag team titles six times (twice each with Bull Ramos and "Playboy" Buddy Rose
, and once each with Steve Strong and Jerry Oates). He later moved to his hometown promotion, the American Wrestling Association
in Minnesota, teaming with Adrian Adonis
as the "East-West Connection".
The duo would win the AWA Tag team titles on July 20, 1980 on a forfeit when Verne Gagne
, one-half of the tag team champions along with Mad Dog Vachon
, failed to show up for a title defense in Denver, Colorado. The duo would hold the belts for nearly a year, losing to "The High Flyers", Greg Gagne
and Jim Brunzell
Shortly after losing the belt, the duo moved on to the World Wrestling Federation
, where they were managed by "Classy" Freddie Blassie
. Although the duo was unable to capture the WWF tag team title, both Adonis and Ventura became title contenders, each earning several title shots at champion Bob Backlund
"The Body" continued to wrestle until the mid-1980s when blood clots in his lungs ended his in-ring career; it forced him to miss a title match against WWF Champion Hulk Hogan
. Ventura claimed the blood clots were as a result of his exposure to Agent Orange
during his time in Vietnam. After a failed comeback bid, he began to do color commentary on television
for "All-Star Wrestling" (replacing Angelo Mosca) and later "Superstars of Wrestling
" (initially alongside Vince McMahon
and Bruno Sammartino
, and with McMahon after Sammartino's departure from the WWF in 1988), hosted his own talk segment on the WWF's "Superstars of Wrestling
" called "The Body Shop", and did color commentary on radio for a few National Football League
teams (among them, the Minnesota Vikings
and Tampa Bay Buccaneers
). Ventura most notably, co-hosted Saturday Night's Main Event
with Vince McMahon and the first six WrestleMania
s (1985-1990) and most of the WWF's Pay-Per-Views at the time with Gorilla Monsoon
(the lone exception for Ventura being the first SummerSlam
, in which Ventura served as the guest referee during the main event). He departed in June 1990 to pursue other interests, most notably his acting career. He also did commentary for World Championship Wrestling
from 1991-94. His professional wrestling commentary style was an extension of his wrestling persona, as he was partial to heel (bad guy) wrestlers, which was something new and different at the time.
Ventura acted in the 1987 movie Predator
, whose cast included future California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger
and future Kentucky Gubernatorial
Candidate Sonny Landham
. He had a starring role in the 1991 sci-fi movie Abraxas, Guardian of the Universe
, and supporting roles in The Running Man
, Demolition Man
, and Batman & Robin
- the former and latter also starring Schwarzenegger. He also appeared as a self help guru (voice only) in The Ringer
trying to turn Johnny Knoxville into a more confident worker.
Ventura ran for mayor
of Brooklyn Park, Minnesota
in 1990 and served from 1991 to 1995. Between 1995 and his run for governor, Ventura had a radio
call-in show(KFAN 1130 Sports Radio) in Minneapolis-St. Paul
Immediately after his election, bumper stickers and t-shirts bearing the slogan "My governor can beat up your governor" appeared in Minnesota and became ubiquitous virtually overnight. Ventura circulated material stating his wish to be known in office as "Jesse 'The Mind'". The nickname stuck, but as a sarcastic and facetious way for opponents to highlight his frequent controversial remarks. Far more frequently, people continued to use "Jesse 'The Body'" or adapt his former stage name as "Jesse 'The Governing Body'."
Ventura's main campaign promise was a tax refund
residents. The state was running a budget
surplus at the time, and Ventura believed that the money should be given back to the public. In political debate
s, he often admitted that he had not formed an opinion on certain policy
questions. Sharing many views with libertarian
s, Ventura frequently described himself as "fiscally conservative
and socially liberal
." He selected teacher Mae Schunk
as his running mate. The 1998 Minnesota Governor debates helped Jesse increase his popularity as a candidate too.
Later as governor, he came to support a unicameral
public transport, property tax
reform, gay rights
, and abortion
rights. While funding public school
education generously, he opposed teachers unions, and did not have a high regard for the public funding of higher-education
institutions. Additionally, Ventura supported the use of medicinal marijuana
, advocated a higher role for third parties
in national politics, and favored the concept of instant runoff voting
Lacking a party
base in the Minnesota House
, Governor Ventura's vetoes were often overridden.
Ventura was elected on a Reform party ticket, but he never received support from Ross Perot
's Texas faction. When the Reform party was taken over by Pat Buchanan
supporters before the presidential elections of 2000
, Ventura left the party in February 2000, referring to it as 'hopelessly dysfunctional'. However, he maintained close ties to the Independence Party of Minnesota
, which also broke from the Reform party around the same time.
In 1987, while negotiating his contract as a WWE
commentator, Ventura waived his rights to royalties on videotape sales when he was falsely told that only feature performers received such royalties. In 1991, having discovered that other non-feature performers received royalties
, Ventura brought an action for fraud
, misappropriation of publicity
rights, and unjust enrichment
in Minnesota state court
against Titan Sports. The case was removed to federal court
, and Ventura won an $801,333.06 jury verdict
on the last claim. The judgment
was affirmed on appeal
, and the case, http://www.jollylager.com/pub/caselaw/ventura.html Ventura v. Titan Sports, Inc.
, 65 F.3d 725 (8th Cir.1995), is an important result in the law of restitution
Now because of Ventura's victorous lawsuit
, whenever the WWF/WWE wants to use his commentary for a mass marketed VHS
, Ventura will get a percentage of the sales. This may be why WWF/WWE's archival footage featuring Ventura's commentary has been frequently edited out on their DVD
releases (such as The History of WrestleMania: 1985-1993
, The Greatest Wrestling Stars of the 80s
, Bret Hart
and The Self-Destruction of the Ultimate Warrior
, though some earlier DVDs included his commentary, such as the Hogan/Warrior match included as a bonus on the WrestleMania X8
set). His commentary is included on the recent WrestleMania box set and History Of The WWE Championship
, Hulk Hogan: The Ultimate Anthology
and Born to Controversy: The Roddy Piper Story
During the first part of his administration, Ventura strongly advocated for land-use reform and substantial mass transit improvements, such as light rail
. In his March 1999 State of the State address, he proclaimed, "I want to ride a train by 2002," referring to a light rail line running between downtown Minneapolis
and the Mall of America
. He made the light rail project a priority, obtaining additional funding from the Minnesota state legislature to keep the project moving. The Hiawatha Line
was completed in 2004, significantly exceeding all ridership estimates.
Feud with Hulk Hogan
Ventura has had a strained relationship with Hulk Hogan. Back in the 1980s, Ventura thought about starting a wrestlers union, but Vince McMahon stopped him from doing it and Ventura wondered who told him about his intentions for a few years. During McMahon's deposition in Ventura's 1990 lawsuit against the WWF, McMahon claimed that it was Hogan who tipped him off about Ventura's intention to start a wrestlers union, saying "Hulk Hogan told me". in response to a question about the subject. Ventura, who considered Hogan a good friend, stated in his autobiography that he was hurt by McMahon's claim. Hogan has denied this, and claimed in his autobiography that Ventura used to say negative things about Hogan to other wrestlers behind his back when they both wrestled for the AWA. Hogan did admit that he declined to help Ventura in his successful campaign for mayor of Brooklyn Park Minnesota, instead going to a boat show with a friend, and said it's the only time he can recall making Ventura angry.
Controversies as Governor
During his tenure as Governor, Ventura had experienced several controversies that drew a considerable amount of fire from the press in the Twin Cities, which has long prided itself on independence from and criticism of the state government.
Shortly after Ventura's election as governor of Minnesota, author and humorist Garrison Keillor
wrote a satirical book about the event, satirizing Ventura as "Jimmy (Big Boy) Valente," a self-aggrandizing former "Navy W.A.L.R.U.S. (Water Air Land Rising Up Suddenly)" turned professional wrestler turned politician. Ventura took the satire more harshly than intended, and responded angrily to Keillor.
Shutdown of the Governor's Mansion
Ventura attracted the ire of critics when he chose not to stay at the governor's mansion during his tenure, choosing instead to shut it down and stay at his home in Brooklyn Park
after the legislature refused to increase spending for security. Critics argued that it meant the loss of jobs for several working-class people at the mansion, and that re-opening the mansion after Ventura's departure would cost more than if Ventura had kept the mansion open.
In a Playboy
interview, he said:
is a sham and a crutch for weak-minded people who need strength in numbers. It tells people to go out and stick their noses in other people's business."
In his 1999 best-selling memoir Ain't Got Time to Bleed
, Ventura responded to the
controversy sparked by these remarks by elaborating on his views concerning religion:
"I’d like to clarify my comments published in Playboy
about religious people being weak-minded. I didn’t mean all religious people. I don’t have any problem with the vast majority of religious folks. I count myself among them, more or less. But I believe because it makes sense to me, not because I think it can be proven. There are lots of people out there who think they know the truth about God and religion, but does anybody really know for sure? That’s why the founding fathers
built freedom of religious belief
into the structure of this nation, so that everybody could make up their minds for themselves.
But I do have a problem with the people who think they have some right to try to impose their beliefs on others. I hate what the fundamentalist fanatics
are doing to our country. It seems as though, if everybody doesn’t accept their version of reality, that somehow invalidates it for them. Everybody must believe the same things they do. That’s what I find weak and destructivehttp://www.ontheissues.org/Celeb/Jesse_Ventura_Principles_+_Values.htm
Ventura endorsed equal rights for people who don't believe in God by declaring July 4, 2002, "Indivisible Day" through this proclamation:
:"WHEREAS: The unique feature of this nation at its founding was its establishment of a secular
Constitution that separated government from religion - something never done before; and WHEREAS: Our secular Constitution has enabled people of all worldviews to coexist in harmony, undivided by sectarian strife; and WHEREAS: President James Madison
made clear the importance of maintaining this harmony when he said, "The purpose of separation of church and state is to keep forever from these shores the endless strife that has soaked the soil of Europe in blood for centuries"; and WHEREAS: The diversity of our people requires mutual respect and equal protection for all our citizens, including minority groups, if we are to remain "One nation, indivisible"; and WHEREAS: It is the unfettered diversity of ideas and worldviews that have made our nation the strongest and most productive in the world; and WHEREAS: Eternal vigilance must be maintained to guard against those who seek to stifle ideas, establish a narrow orthodoxy, and divide our nation along arbitrary lines of race, ethnicity, and religious belief or nonbelief. NOW, THEREFORE, I, JESSE VENTURA, Governor of Minnesota, do hereby proclaim that Thursday, July 4, 2002 shall be observed as: INDIVISIBLE DAY In the State Of Minnesota."
Ventura accidentally proclaimed October 13
to 19, 2002 as "Christian Heritage Week" in Minnesota.http://pewforum.org/news/display.php?NewsID=1402http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9907E7DF1F3BF931A3575BC0A9649C8B63
Pledge of Allegiance
Ventura vetoed a bill to promote recitation
of the Pledge of Allegiance
in public school
:"I believe patriotism
comes from the heart. Patriotism is voluntary. It is a feeling of loyalty and allegiance
that is the result of knowledge and belief. A patriot shows their patriotism through their actions, by their choice voting
, attending community meetings and speaking out when needed">such as voting
, attending community meetings and speaking out when needed. No law
will make a citizen
Outside career right|thumb|240px|Ventura in the background as a referee
Ventura has been criticized for privately profiting from his heightened popularity. He was hired as host for the failed XFL football
enterprise, served as a referee
at a WWE
wrestling match, and published several books during his tenure as governor. On his weekly radio show, he often criticized the media for focusing on these deals rather than on his policy
After a trade
mission to China
in 2002, he announced that he wouldn't run for a second term as governor of Minnesota
. During another trade mission to Cuba
in the summer of 2002, he denounced the economic sanctions
of the US against that country
Ventura greatly disapproved of some of the actions that took place at the 2002 memorial for Senator Paul Wellstone
, his family, and others who died in a plane crash on October 25
. Ventura said, "I feel used. I feel violated and duped over the fact that the memorial ceremony
turned into a political rally
." He left halfway through the controversial speech made by Wellstone's best friend, Rick Kahn
. Because of the rally and other issues revolving around the exclusion of third-party candidates from the resulting election, he appointed Dean Barkley
to represent Minnesota
in the Senate until Wellstone's term expired in January 2003. Al Franken
wrote that Ventura was disrepectful at the memorial, notably for chewing gum through out the service.
Ventura enjoyed an arduous relationship with the local media. He referred to them as "media jackals," a term that even appeared on the required press passes to enter the governor's press area. He believed that the media had unfairly hounded him and his family for personal behaviors and beliefs while neglecting coverage of important policy issues. His wife and children also felt the strain. Later, Ventura told a reporter for The Boston Globe
that he would have run for a second term if he had been single, referencing the media's effect on his family life. For their part, the media seldom took Ventura seriously, seeing him and his administration as something of a surreal joke.
In 2002, Jesse Ventura suffered a severe blood clot in his lungs that that left him hospitalized for quite some time. Jesse has had a history of problems with his lungs as a result of being exposed to Agent Orange
while serving in the Vietnam War
, in addition to a history of cigar smoking.
Ventura has produced several controversial quotations. In one of his books, he mentions a visit to a prostitute
in Reno, Nevada
and he admitted to visiting brothel
s in the Philippines while serving in the military. Ventura has publicly stated that prostitution
should be legal, since it will exist in any case, and legal controls protecting the health of clients are needed. He was even quoted as saying "I voted in hopes to make prostitution legal once, and I'd do it again in a second." He admitted to trading a belt made of gun cartridge casings in exchange for 10 dollars plus the services of a prostitute in Nevada during his younger days.
Governor Ventura sparked media criticism when, nearing the end of his term, he suggested that he might resign from office early to allow his lieutenant governor, Mae Schunk
, an opportunity to serve as governor. He further stated that he wanted her to be the state's first female governor, and have her portrait painted and hung in the Capitol along with the other governors. Ventura quickly retreated from the comments, saying he was just floating an idea.
In a 2001 interview with the Minneapolis Star Tribune'
s outdoor writer Dennis Anderson, Ventura referred to his service as a Navy SEAL, and then said, tongue-in-cheek: "Until you hunted man, you haven't hunted yet." This gave political ammunition to opponents of his policies to use the isolated comment to portray him as inhumane.
Post-gubernatorial life thumb|right|240px|Ventura on his MSNBC talk show Jesse Ventura's America
Ventura announced that he would not run for a second term as governor in 2002. He was succeeded in his office by Republican Tim Pawlenty
Ventura began a cable television show in October, 2003, on MSNBC
called Jesse Ventura's America
. The show was broadcast once a week, on Saturdays, unlike many MSNBC shows which are on five nights a week (this show was originally planned for five nights a week as well, but MSNBC executives changed their minds). At the time of its airing, Jesse Ventura's America
was the only national television
show filmed in Minnesota
. Among his guests were Charles Barkley
, Gray Davis
, Arianna Huffington
, Robert Kampia
, Paul Levinson
, and Kathy McKee
. However, the show was soon canceled.
In 2004, fellow Navy veteran and Harvard
graduate student, Christopher Mora, promoted the idea that the academic establishment had failed to reach out to citizens experienced in public service, but who did not fit the traditional idea of a politican. He successfully lobbied for the selection of Ventura, who started teaching a study group at Harvard University
for the Spring 2004 semester as a visiting fellow
at the Kennedy School of Government
's Institute of Politics (IOP). His 90-minute study group focused on third party politics, campaign finance, the war on drugs, and other relevant political issues. Ventura scheduled multiple famous friends to appear for his seminars including Dean Barkley
and Richard Marcinko
. These presentations were among the highest attended in the history of the .
On March 14
, Ventura appeared as an honored guest at World Wrestling Entertainment
's (WWE) WrestleMania XX
as part of the "WWE Hall of Fame
Class of 2004." Later in the evening he approached the ring to interview Donald Trump
, who had a front row seat at the event. Trump affirmed that Ventura would receive his moral and financial support were he to ever re-enter the world of politics. Alluding to the 2008 election, Ventura boldly announced that "we need to put a wrestler in the White House
in 2008". As of yet he has made no official announcement concerning whether or not he intends to run for President. If endorsed, Ventura would be the first presidential candidate endorsed by the Independence Party (in 2004, the Independence Party conducted an instant-runoff straw poll for President during its spring caucuses; John Edwards
, who eventually became the Democratic
candidate for Vice President, was the winner, but the straw poll was non-binding and not a formal endorsement).
On October 22
, with Ventura by his side, former Maine
Governor Angus King
endorsed John Kerry
for President at the Minnesota
state capitol building. Ventura did not say a word at the press conference, showing his continued contempt for the press. When prodded for a statement, Governor King responded, "He plans to vote for John Kerry
, but he doesn't want to make a statement and subject himself to the tender mercies of the Minnesota
During his term and on a visit with late night talk show host David Letterman. Jesse Ventura responded controversially to the question posed by the talk show host. "So which is the better city of the twin cities, Minneapolis or St. Paul?" Jesse answered this question without aversion by choosing a city rather than averting the question and said "Minneapolis. Those streets in St.Paul must have been designed by drunken Irishmen."
In November 2004, an advertisement began airing in California
featuring Ventura. In it, Ventura voices his opposition to Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger
's policies regarding Native American casino
Ventura is serving as an advisory board member for a new group called Operation Truth
, a nonprofit
organization set up "to give voice to troops who served in Iraq."
“The current use of the National Guard is wrong....These are men who did not sign up to go occupy foreign nations.” http://www.armytimes.com/story.php?f=1-ARMYPAPER-323322.php
In August 2005, Ventura became the spokesperson for Betus.com, an online Sportsbook
In September of 2005 Ventura announced on the Mike Malloy
Show that he is leaving the U.S. and will go have an adventure.
In late October 2005, Ventura went on the Donny Deutsch
show and told Deutsch he was leaving the U.S. due to, among other things, censorship
In September of 2006, Ventura endorsed and campaigned with independent Texas gubernatorial candidate Kinky Friedmanhttp://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/stories/G/GOVERNOR_KINKY?SITE=MAFAL&SECTION=HOME&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT
. He revealed he now spends much of his time surfing
near his home in Baja California, Mexico
. He also revealedhttp://www.prisonplanet.com/articles/september2006/260906venturaquestions.htm
that he is highly skeptical of the official government story about 9/11.
*1998 Race for Governor
**Jesse Ventura (Ref.), 37%
**Hubert H. Humphrey III
Professional wrestling profile
*Height & Weight: 6 ft 4 in (1.93 m) 245 lb (110 kg) (listed as high as 281 pounds during his wrestling days)
*Trained by: Eddie Sharkey
*Debut: October 1975
Finishing and signature moves
(Triple rib breaker
Wrestling championships and accomplishments
*American Wrestling Association
:*AWA Southern Heavyweight Championship
:*AWA World Tag Team Championship
) – with Adrian Adonis
*International Wrestling Institute and Museum
:*2003 Frank Gotch
*National Wrestling Alliance
:*NWA Hawaii Tag Team Championship (1 time) – with Steve Strong
:*NWA Pacific Northwest Heavyweight Championship (2 times)
:*NWA Pacific Northwest Tag Team Champion (5 times) – with Bull Ramos (2), Buddy Rose
(2) and Jerry Oates
:*NWA World Tag Team Championship (Central States version)
) – with Tank Patton
*Pro Wrestling Illustrated
ranked him #239
of the 500 best singles wrestlers during the "PWI Years" in 2003.
also ranked him #67
of the 100 best tag teams of the "PWI Years" with Adrian Adonis
*World Wrestling Entertainment
:*2004 inductee to the WWE Hall of Fame
* deFiebre, Conrad. "Record-high job approval for Ventura; Many Minnesotans like his style, don't mind moonlighting." Star Tribune
22 Jul. 1999: 1A+.
* deFiebre, Conrad. "Using body language, Ventura backs Kerry." Star Tribune
23 Oct. 2004: 1A+.
* Kahn, Joseph P. "http://www.boston.com/news/globe/living/articles/2004/02/25/the_body_politic/ The Body Politic
." The Boston Globe
25 Feb. 2004. Accessed April 28, 2004.
* Olson, Rochelle and Bob von Sternberg. "GOP demands equal time; Wellstone aide apologizes; Ventura upset." Minneapolis Star-Tribune
31 Oct. 2002: 1A+.
* Ventura, Jesse; Heron Marquez. "http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0822503859 Jesse Ventura Tells It Like It Is: America's Most Outspoken Governor Speaks Out About Government
." 1 September 2002.
* imdb name|id=0001818|name=Jesse
* http://www.ontheissues.org/Jesse_Ventura.htm Ventura "on the issues"
* http://www.csbsju.edu/uspp/Ventura/Ventura_Playboy-analysis.html Analysis of Jesse Ventura's Playboy interview
by Aubrey Immelman
* http://www.mediaman.com.au/profiles/ventura.html Jesse Ventura - Media Man Australia profile
* http://www.themilitant.com/1998/6244/6244_13.html Election Of Bonapartist Figure Ventura In Minnesota Is Danger To Working People
- article in The Militant
succession box|title=38th Governor of Minnesota
|years=1999 – 2003|before=Arne Carlson
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