Pedophile activism, Talk:Pedophile activism
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movement, referred to by some supporters as the childlove movement
, is a social movement
that encompasses a wide variety of views. Generally the movement advocates social acceptance of adults'
romantic or sexual attraction
); social acceptance of adults' sexual activity
with children; and changes in institutions of concern to pedophiles, such as changing age of consent laws
and mental illness classifications. Members of the movement also advocate the use of terms such as "boylove", "girllove" and "childlove" over the stigmatized term "pedophilia".
Today, the movement is extremely controversial and has made little progress toward its goals in legal arenas or with the public since then. Prior to 1982, however, some progress might be seen in continental Western Europe
, particularly in the Netherlands
, see History of pedophile activism
Views and strategies of pedophile activists
In 1989, sociologist Mary DeYoung
reviewed the literature published by pedophile organizations for public dissemination. She found that pedophile organizations used the following strategies to promote goals of public acceptance of pedophilia:
* Adoption of value-neutral terminology
. According to Herdt, an anthropologist who has studied sex between adults and children in other cultures, pedophile advocates need to replace "dull and reductionistic" terms like pedophilia and abuse when discussing sex between "a person who has not achieved adulthood and one who has". Moreover, words like "child" or "childhood", which have psychologically developmental
meaning, should be "resisted at all costs". See also Promoting "objective" research
* Redefining the term child sexual abuse
. Another recurring theme among those seeking to gain social acceptance for pedophilia is the need to redefine or restrict the usage of the term "child sexual abuse", recommending a child's "willing encounter with positive reactions" be called "adult-child sex" instead of "abuse" (Rind et al. 1998). For example, Gerald Jones (1990), an Affiliated Scholar at the Institute for the Study of Women and Men in Society at the University of Southern California
, suggested that "intergenerational intimacy" should not be considered synonymous with child sexual abuse. According to her, the "crucial difference has to do with mutuality and control" (p. 278). Jones suggested, "Intergenerational attraction on the part of some adults could constitute a lifestyle 'orientation', rather than a pathological maladjustment" (p. 288).
*Promoting the idea that children can consent to sex with adults
. The reconceptualization of children as willing sexual participants along with the decriminalization of consensual sexual relations is perhaps the key change sought by pedophile advocates. To counter developmental arguments that children cannot give informed consent
, for example, David L. Riegel (2000) stated in his book Understanding Loved Boys and Boylovers
, "Anyone who holds to the idea that a young boy cannot give or withhold informed consent has never taken such a boy shopping for new sneakers" (p. 38). Apart from that, many also reason in the 1921 (First Congress for Sexual Reform, see Magnus Hirschfeld
) tradition of Kurt Hiller
on intergenerational activities that, based on the theory that sexual activities are most and foremost a variety of social communication among others, also simple consent
(i. e. agreement, willing) to sexual activity needs not necessarily yield detrimental effects in itself as long as the informed party watches their steps, and that exclusively simple consent
yields the information needed for informed consent
. Many activists in the childlove movement, amongst them Tom O'Carroll
, Frans Gieles
and Lindsay Ashford
, actively campaign against the idea that children are unable to consent to sex
*Questioning the assumption of harm.
One of the greatest barriers to the decriminalization of sex between adults and children are the many studies demonstrating a consistent association between child sexual abuse and negative outcomes. Advocates of pedophilia have attempted to change these barriers in a variety of ways. For example, they often attribute the negative outcomes on parents or professionals who seek to prevent or intervene in intergenerational relationships.
**Riegel (2000), for instance, asserted: "The acts themselves harm no one, the emotional and psychological harm comes from the 'after the fact' interference, counseling, therapy, etc., that attempt to artificially create a 'victim' and a 'perpetrator' where neither exists" (p. 21).
**Similar arguments are made by SafeHaven Foundation, an organization for "responsible boylovers". On their website, they wrote, "The child abuse industry ... takes a boy who has enjoyed pleasurable and completely consensual sexual experiences with another boy or man, and traumatizes him in an attempt to convince him that what he did was 'wrong'". In addition, SafeHaven argues that, "many of the supposed traumas elicited by psychotherapy turn out to be nothing more than the result of the False Memory Syndrome" (SafeHaven Foundation, 2001).
**In Pedophilia: The Radical Case
, Tom O'Carroll
writes: "The disparity in size and power between parent and child creates a potential
for abuse. But, on the basis that parent–child relationships are generally positive we accept that inequality is simply in the nature of the thing. I would like to see paedophilic relationships looked at in a similar light."
[cite web|author=O'Carroll, Tom|year=1980|title=Chapter 9: Power and Equality|format=HTML|work=Paedophilia: The Radical ]
, in Boy-Lovers and Their Influence on Boys
, where he reports the result of interviews with participants in adult–child relationships writes, "within a relationship, sex is usually only a secondary element",
[cite journal|url=http://www.ipce.info/library_3/files/brong90_text.htm|author=Brongersma, Edward|title=Boylovers and Their Influence on Boys|journal=Journal of ]
and he referred to supporting studies by Hass, 1979; Righton, 1981; Berkel, 1978; Ingram, 1977; Pieterse, 1982, and Sandfort, 1982.
**In a 1981 pamphlet entitled Pedophilia
, the Dutch Protestant Foundation for Responsible Family Development
writes "especially in the case of young children, sexual activity seldom includes any kind of sexual penetration. Children are not yet physically big enough for this."
[cite web|author=Protestant Foundation for Responsible Family ]
*Promoting objective research.
Pedophile advocates such as Edward Brongersma have argued that investigators of child sexual abuse have biased views. (Brongersma, 1990). As such, they frequently call for a less emotional and more non-biased approach to the subject (e.g., Geraci, 1994, p. 17; Jones, 1990), significantly including the language employed. A study that is frequently cited as embodying the type of "objective" research needed is Theo Sandfort's (1987) research on boys' relationships with pedophiles, published in the peer-reviewed Journal of Sex Research
. The study was considered the epitome of "objectivity" by some advocates of intergenerational sexual relationships (e.g., Brongersma, 1990, p. 168; Jones, 1990, p. 286), but critics have pointed to evidence which suggests that the study was "politically motivated to 'reform' legislation" (Mrazek, 1990, p. 318). Analyzing them, Robert Bauserman (1990, see also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedophile_activism#Rind_et_al._controversy Rind et al. controversy
) concluded Mrazek's and others criticisms of Sandfort's study to be "vaporously distorted, irrelevant, or just plain false".
[cite journal|url=http://www.paedosexualitaet.de/lib/Bauserman1990.html|author=Bauserman R.|title=Objectivity and Ideology: Criticism of Theo Sandfort's Research on Man-Boy Sexual Relations|volume=20|issue=1/2|year=1990|journal=Journal of ]
*Declassification of pedophilia as mental illness.
Activists of the movement quote Moser and Kleinplatz (2003), who suggest that all paraphilia
be removed from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
(DSM). They write that objective, non-culturally-biased criteria for classifiying sexual behavior as psychotic is exceptionally difficult generally.
Further significant views and strategies not mentioned by DeYoung include:
*Referring to experiences of situations where adult-child sex interactions are not illegal, both historical and ethnical.
Pedophile activists often point to situations where adult-child sex interactions are not illegal (though not necessarily common) and no negative effects are observed. Most refer to ancient Greece, while some employ ethnological studies. Very few also refer to post-antiquity historical situations in the Western world where such conditions existed.
[cite book|last=Brongersma|first=Edward|editor=Leopardi, Angelo|title=Der pädosexuelle Komplex ("On the topic of pedosexuality")|year=1988|publisher=Foerster Verlag|location=Frankfurt/Main, Germany|language=German|id=ISBN 3-922257-66-6|pages=210|chapter=Schutzalter 12 Jahre? - Sex mit Kindern in der niederländischen Gesetzgebung ("Age of Consent 12 years? Dutch legislation on sex with ]
*Pedophile activism is similar or identical to feminism, the gay rights movement, or to racial tolerance.
Often by adopting anthropological theories such as by Marija Gimbutas
, Mircea Eliade
, Michel Foucault
and others, some activists, including females such as http://www.ipce.info/ipceweb/Library/art_ess_c.htm Pat Califia
, http://home.wanadoo.nl/ipce/library_two/files/paglia_guide.htm Camille Paglia
, Katharina Rutschky, and Gisela Bleibtreu-Ehrenberg, argue that pedophile activism, feminism, gay activism, and anti-racism would all be opposed to a chaste and racist male warrior role model present in all Indo-European
cultures (the Kurgan hypothesis
). The tolerance increasingly granted upon females and homosexuals since the Enlightenment is in fact but a repressive one in that only individuals of these groups would be tolerated that show distinctive attributes acceptable to the dominant culture.
Ethics proposed by the movement
Rejection of pedophilia is ingrained in some of the world's cultures, especially in modern Western ones. Despite this societal rejection, many pedophiles claim to understand children's sexuality, and have proposed an ethical
framework that could allow acceptance of their desire for sexual interaction with children.
In a 1998 newspaper interview, Dutch psychiatrist Gerald Roelofs
suggested the following five guidelines for relationships between adults and children:
* There should be no coercion
* The child should be free to stop at any moment
* Sexuality should be compatible with the psychosexual development of the child
* The parents should know about the relationship including the sexual aspect
* The child should be able to openly discuss the relationship without fear of disapproval
About the same time, Frans Gieles, in conjunction with the JORis workgroup of the Dutch Society for Sexual Reform
(NVSH) proposed the following four guidelines:
[cite web|author=Gieles, Frans|year=1998|title="I didn't know how to deal with it": Young people speak out about their sexual contacts with ]
: Children must always have it in their own power to regulate their own sexuality, their relationships with others and their own lives.
: Even in a later stage of the relationship, it is always the children who make the choice to have sex.
: At any moment within the relationship with an adult, children must have the freedom to withdraw from the relationship.
: The child should not have to carry unreasonable secrets.
More recently, subsequent discussions about these guidelines have produced a synthesis of these earlier proposals. The following four guidelines have now been officially adopted by MARTIJN and form the basis of the ethos of the Human Face of Pedophilia
of both child and adult
towards the parents of the child
for the child to withdraw from the relationship at any moment
with the child's development
[cite web|author=MARTIJN|year=1982|title=MARTIJN: What we stand ]
Most of the people involved in these efforts realize that such ethical guidelines can only work in jurisdictions where adult–child sex is not illegal and therefore do not address the ethical issues of having an illegal relationship with a minor. Instead, illegal activity is discouraged, such as in the Boylove Code of Ethics
[cite web|author=Rossman, Parker|year=1976|title=A Boylove Code of Ethics|format=HTML|work=Sexual Experience Between Men and ]
which states that the pedophiles should "do everything possible to protect his young friend from any harm, including exposure or embarrassment from arrest," even if this means refraining from consensual activity considered illegal in their jurisdiction. MARTIJN's statement is unequivocal: "MARTIJN Association advises everyone to observe the law."
[cite web|author=MARTIJN|year=1982|title=MARTIJN: What we stand ]
Not all groups associated with the movement support these ethical boundaries. For example, the group Krumme 13
[cite news|title=Sex is good for children - German ex-cop|date=September 30, ]
counseled convicted child-molesters to continue their activities once released. According to German AG Pädohttp://www.ag-paedo.de/fg-paedo/p17ahs.html
, two other pedophile activist groups, Krumme 13's jailed leader was not trusted in the pedophile community, and the group was detrimental to the pedophile movement.
A more in depth and broader code of ethics of moral pedophiles had been penned, no observation of such has been recognized. It states explicitly that,
:Any violation, extension, or limitation of the code will be considered an act worthy of investigation, and possibly grounds for removal, by the local legislature, of the Childlover from the child depending on the child's suffrage, and other individual case circumstances resulting from relationship on a case-by-case basis..." and that
"Any breach of these terms is not considered an act worthy of the Childlove movement. The movement will uphold these terms and these terms alone, as guidelines for consensual relationships with children should any adult choose to label them self a Childlover and carry out any relationship with a human child."
The terms outline in more detail the Boylove Code of Ethics
, but are more inclusive to accommodate a childlove collective.
While members of the childlove movement claim that, within an ethical framework, these relationships can be mutually beneficial, society remains generally unconvinced and regards all child sexual activity as unethical and criminal.
Objections to the ethical framework are that a child is not mature enough to be able to have the freedom to withdraw from an abusive relationship and can be very easily coerced into maintaining this relationship with a pedophile. In most Western countries, the consent of parents and ongoing communication with them is not a consideration when prosecuting child abusers. Also, many child psychologists would not agree with the idea of child-adult sex being in harmony with a child's normal development.
Activitiesthumb|Krumme 13 logo
The primary activity of the movement is peer-support for pedophiles. They attempt to provide support to others who would otherwise be reluctant to discuss their attractions for fear of being ostracized
or persecuted. To this end, some organizations provide online counselling and suicide
[cite web|title=LifeLine is a real-time support ]
Radical organizations, like the Krumme 13
(now disbanded), have encouraged pedophiles to break laws regarding the legal Age of Consent. Other organizations strongly encourage others to maintain constant vigilance in not breaking laws and maintaining a good standing in the public eye.
Much online pedophile activism takes place on message boards for pedophiles, such as BoyChat
MARTIJN, as well as publishing OK
magazine and providing support for pedophiles, is also involved in overt activism, distributing flyers and pamphlets at public gatherings and gay pride
, a Canadian
pedophile, successfully challenged some aspects of child pornography laws in the Canadian Supreme Court
in 2002, arguing that his fictional writings were not illegal because they had artistic merit.
Various groups also promote 'holidays' intended to spread understanding and acceptance of pedophilia. International BoyLove Day
occurs on the first Saturday after the summer solstice
[cite web|title=A brief history of International BoyLove ]
and Alice Day
for female-attracted pedophiles, occurs on April 25
[cite web|title=Alice ]
This is the day Lewis Carroll
met Alice Liddell
, the girl for whom he wrote Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
, on April 25
Childlover, Boylover, Girllover
Some pedophiles and ephebophiles who profess their attraction to minors not being solely sexual in nature prefer to describe themselves using the term childlover
to more accurately describe the attitude and ethos of the culture. The derived terms girllover
are then commonly used to specifically indicate a childlover's preferred gender of attraction.
Some self-identify with these terms to convey connotations such as mentorship and love to their pedophilia, instead of the modern one of child sexual Others use it to identify themselves as members of the childlove The term boylover and girllover are more fluid and flexible because they encompass other sexual attractions such as ephebophilia whereas pedophilia leaves out the possibility.
It should be noted that there is some controversy amongst self-identifying boylovers and girllovers around the existence of the gender-non-specific term "childlove", because each gender-specific-attractions are thought to be based on inherently different cultural norms and
The term pedosexual is usually used when positing that pedophilia is a distinct sexual orientation, as are homosexuality and heterosexuality. It is also sometimes used simply as a synonym for pedophile. Usage of "pedosexual" is used in terms of referring to someone's specific sexual attraction whereas "pedophile" can also refer to the person's entire emotional, spiritual and social attitude as well as the overall ethos of classic pedophilia and pederasty.
The term young friend (or YF for short) can refer to a minor a pedophile is interested in and are on friendly terms with, without necessarily implying sexual activity. For example, the term can be used loosely to describe if for instance a group of boys visiting a pedophile's house on occasion to play video games, etc. Some adults use the term more specifically to describe a closer relationship with just a single minor rather than anyone who happens across their threshold. Some prefer to use the derivative SYF, (special young friend) to describe this more intense
frame|right|BLogothumb|160px|right|GLogoframe|right|CLogoframe|right|Childlove Online Media Activism Logo
A blue spiral-shaped triangle symbol, or "BLogo", symbolizes a boy (small triangle) surrounded by an older male (larger triangle).http://www.greenbelt.com/news/98/12/02.htm
It was designed by "Kalos." http://www.iin.oea.org/proy_trafico_ninos_internet/avances.2005.pdf
A similar logo, a heart within a heart, or "GLogo" was later developed by some pedophiles attracted to girls to symbolize a "bond of love"
[cite web|author=Ashford, Lindsay|title=Graphic Love - GLogo ]
between adults and girls.
Another logo, the "CLogo", was proposed by the CLogo team in the Netherlands as a logo that could be used to represent the aspirations of child lovers. Pedophiles have mixed opinions on this
The "Childlove Online Media Activism Logo" ("CLOMAL") was made in 2005 by Rookiee Revolyob. The Childlove Online Media Activism Logo is a general-purpose logo which may be used by those who utilize online media formats (such as blogs, podcasts, webcasts, and other protocols) to further the cause of youth civil rights and childlove acceptance. The original use of the logo was intended to be for his podcast, "Pedologues" but soon after broadened the intended usage to allow open usage by the BL and GL communities.http://rookiee.blogspot.com/2006/01/childlove-media-activism-logo.html
Scientific papers' impacts on pedophile activism
Demanding scientific categorizing of adult-child sex interactions
Many pedophile activists attempt to refute scientific research that finds all sexual contact between adults and children to be harmful, such as by stating there are a variety different categories of adult-child sex interactions commonly not acknowledged by mainstream scientific research but instead regarded as one phenomenon yielding one outcome, a type of finding supposedly facilitated by statistic factors from grouping all claimed categories as one. For examples of this lack of proper differentiation
[cite journal|url=http://www.ipce.info/library_3/files/brong90_text.htm|author=Brongersma, Edward|title=Boylovers and Their Influence on Boys|journal=Journal of ] [cite web|author=Califia, Pat|year=1994|title=The Age of Consent: The Great Kiddy-Porn Panic of '77|format=HTML|work=The Culture of Radical ] [cite web|author="Carrolingian"|year=2002|title=Paedophile Ideology|format=HTML|work=Understanding Paedophilia For The ] [cite news|first=John|last=Cloud|title=Pedophilia|date=April 29, 2002|publisher=Time ] [cite conference|author=Larry L. Constantine|title=The Sexual Rights Of Children: Implications Of A Radical Perspective|booktitle=International Conference on Love and ] [cite web|author=Frederiksen, Arne|year=1999|title=Pedophilia, Science, and Self-deception: A Criticism of Sex Abuse ] [cite journal|author=van Ree, Frank|title=Abuse by Definition? The Taboo as ]
Use of scientific papers
Many in the movement use scientific papers in their arguments, disputing some claims of psychological harm from child sexual abuse and using other papers to argue for changes in policy or public opinion. The researchers Fagan, Wise, Schmidt and Berlin, in their 2002 paper on pedophilia, wrote "our knowledge base about pedophilia have significant limitations." The paper also concludes that most child-sex abuse cases involve adults not motivated by sexual attraction to the child (pedophilia per se
), and who are therefore not pedophiles in the medical sense.
[cite journal|author=Fagan et al.|title=Pedophilia|journal=Journal of the American Medical ]
Individual reinterpretations of these papers are often used to refute other research or make claims for changes in social norms.
Prominent psychologist Richard Green
has proposed declassifying pedophilia as a mental illness
, along with other paraphilia
s. One paper published in a scientific journal
that was publicly perceived as supporting pedophilia, Rind et al. (1998)
, has been acted against by the U.S. Congress
The public often perceives papers cited by pedophile groups as "pro-pedophilia" papers, regardless of the author's claim to objectivity.
[cite news|first=Mark|last=O'Keefe|title=Controversial Studies Push Change in Society's View of Pedophilia|date=2002|publisher=Newhouse News ]
Rind et al. controversy
main|Rind et al.
of college studies by Bruce Rind, Philip Tromovitch and Robert Bauserman published by the American Psychological Association
in 1998 found a weak correlation between sex abuse in childhood and the later stability of the child's adult psyche. It notes that a significant percentage reported their reactions to sex abuse as positive in the short term. It concludes that for research purposes some cases of child sex abuse would be better labeled "adult-child sex". The article states in the addendum that "the findings of the current review do not imply that moral or legal definitions of or views on behaviors currently classified as CSA should be abandoned or even altered." (Rind et al., 1998, p. 47)
Nevertheless, the article received massive criticism from conservative
activists and groups, including radio personality Laura Schlessinger
. She and others called the article an attempt to normalize pedophilia. Congressman Tom DeLay
and others sought a formal congressional action against the APA for the article. In 1999 Congress unanimously passed a bill stating that "children are a precious gift and responsibility given to parents by God" and that the study was "severely flawed", although it did not cite any specific errors.
[cite web|author=US Congress|year=1999|title=Whereas no segment of our society is more critical to the future of human survival than our children|format=PDF|work=106th Congress, Resolution ]
Other psychology papersBen Spiecker
and Jan Steutel
, in a paper entitled Paedophilia, Sexual Desire and Perversity
argued that consent is possible in some older prepubescent children. However, they also concluded that "paedophile sex is a form of exploitation because it endangers the long-term welfare of the child. Consequently, paedophilia involves desires towards behaviour that is morally wrong, but only in some forms of paedophilia are these desires perverse."
[cite journal|author=Ben Spiecker; Jan Steutel|title=Paedophilia, Sexual Desire and Perversity|journal=Journal of Moral Education|year=September 01 ]
In one such study, Intergenerational Sexual Contact: A Continuum Model of Participants and Experiences
, Joan Nelson
:De Young (1982) reports that 20% of her "victims" appeared to be "virtually indifferent to their molestation" Instead, they tended to be traumatized by the reaction of adults to its discovery.
[cite journal|author=Joan Nelson|title=Intergenerational Sexual Contact: A Continuum Model of Participants and Experiences|journal=Journal of Sex Education & ]
Controversy and public reaction to the movement
Members of the movement claim that they do not support child abuse or illegal activity; public reaction to this claim has been skeptical. This skepticism has been reinforced by publicized incidents linking members and groups associated with the movement to actual sexual child abuse and by the similarity of the movement's views to the views used by sexual child abusers to justify their abuse
[cite web|author=Lawson, L.|year=2003|title=Isolation, gratification, justification: offenders' explanations of child ]
On the contrary, one might argue just as well that these common generalizing interpretations might in fact be motivated by morals instead of being based upon actual primary detrimental effects
and etiological illness classifications
The movement has sparked intense opposition initiating in English-speaking countries since the late 1970s and its political progress has been limited or minimal since then. Nearly all national governments conform to United Nations
protocols for age-of-consent legislation and the criminalization of child pornography
. From 2000 to 2004, over 130 nations signed a United Nations accord to criminalize child pornography. The U.N. convention on legal age for marriage has been in force since 1964.
[cite web|author=Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights|year=1964|title=Convention on Consent to Marriage, Minimum Age for Marriage and Registration of ]
In the scientific arena, the psychiatric
consensus remains that adult-child sexual contact is frequently associated with often grievous harm and that children are cognitively
incapable of giving informed consent
to any kind of sexual activity.
In the battle for societal acceptance, public perception of pedophile activism has focused on incidents implicating supporters of the movement in child sexual abuse
Skepticism that the movement does not support child abuse
Many child abuse prevention advocates, law enforcement officials, and journalists note that the movement's claim of separating advocacy from abuse does not always hold true. Those involved with the movement often respond by claiming that high-profile child abusers were not members of the movement, or that the movement could have even helped them avoid crossing the line into abuse by giving them a more positive identity
than society does.
[cite journal|author=Uittenbogaard, Marthijn|year=April 2005|volume=91|title=Possible causes of the pedophile witch ] [cite web|author=Sandfort, Theo|title=Constructive Questions Regarding ] [cite conference|author=Frans Gieles|title=Helping people with pedophilic feelings|booktitle=15th World Congress of Sexology, Paris, June 2001]
& the congress of the Nordic Association of Clinical Sexology, Visby, Sweden, September
Some claim that dwelling on these arrests attempts to smear the movement through guilt-by-association. Nonetheless, mainstream observers remain skeptical that ardent advocates of adult-child romance and sex do not act on the desires they claim are legitimate and harmless – citing these arrests as evidence.
[cite news|title=S.F. Man Held In Sex Assault On Virginia Boy|url=http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/1996/09/05/MN43587.DTL|first=Glen|last=Martin|date=1996-09-05|publisher=San Francisco ]
Concerning the recent sex scandals involving Catholic priests in the US, some pedophile activists say that these scandals only or prominently involved minor partners that during the times of sexual interactions were adolescent and thus, these scandals have nothing to do with pedophile activism.
[cite journal|author=Richard Goldstein|title=The Double Standard|journal=The Advocate|year=August 20, ] [cite web|author=Mattingly, Terry|year=2002|title=Fathers, mothers & Catholic ] [cite news|first=John|last=Tierney|title=Wrong Labels Inflame Fears of Catholics|date=March 22, 2002|publisher=New York ]
Many of these incidents giving grounds to skepticism involve members of NAMBLA
, the organization most widely known to the public. Some claim that these activities are limited to members of this organization and are not representative of the larger movement. Note also Bernard's statement that NAMBLA
at least started out as an ephebophile
, not a pedophile activism organization as identifiable by its original political and social reform program, and that its program remained like that at least until 1982 when Bernard made his statement.
[cite book|last=Bernard|first=Frits|title=Kinderschänder? - Pädophilie, von der Liebe mit Kindern ("Child-molesters? - Pedophilia, on childlove")|origyear=1976|edition=3rd ed.|year=1982|publisher=Foerster Verlag|location=Frankfurt/Main, Germany|language=German, orig. 1st ed. in Dutch|id=ISBN ]
*Rev. Paul Shanley, a priest accused of abusing children as young as six years old over a period of three decades, allegedly participated in early movement workshops and advocacy, according to contemporaneous accounts of the events obtained by the Boston Globe
[cite news|url=http://www.boston.com/globe/spotlight/abuse/documents/shanley_0279.htm|title=Shanley quoted in GaysWeek magazine|publisher=The Boston ] [cite news|url=http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2004-05-06-shanley_x.htm|title=Shanley, priest at center of clergy abuse scandal, defrocked|first=Bizuayehu|last=Tesfaye|publisher=USA Today|date= Pedophile activists have sought to cast doubt on Shanley's conviction.] [cite news|title=Sex Terror: What's breathing down your neck?|date=March 2005|publisher=The ]
*Charles Jaynes was convicted of murdering a 10-year-old boy then having intercourse with his body in 1997;
[cite news|first=Kathryn|last=Rubenstein|title=Massachusetts v. Salvatore Sicari "Molestation Murder Trial"|date=2001|publisher=Court ] the parents of the boy filed a $200 million wrongful death suit against NAMBLA, Curley v. NAMBLA, claiming that while being heterosexual, "immediately prior" to the murder, "Charles Jaynes accessed NAMBLA's Web site at the Boston Public Library'". [cite journal|author=Wendy Kaminer|title=Speaking of|journal=The American Prospect|year=November 20, ] By 2005, $1 million and five years had been spent to prove this claim. [cite news|first=Bill|last=O'Reilly|title=Factor Follow Up Segment: Victim of NAMBLA?|date=April 26, 2005|publisher=Fox News ] The ACLU protested against associating NAMBLA with this case and represented them, asking the case to be dismissed. [cite news|first=Martin|last=Finucane|title=ACLU To Represent NAMBLA|date=August 31, 2000|publisher=The Associated ] [cite news|title=ACLU asks federal judge to dismiss case against man-boy sex group|date=July 18, 2001|publisher=The Associated ]
*John David Smith, a San Francisco man convicted of sexually assaulting an 11-year-old boy he was babysitting, met an undercover investigator through his activities as a NAMBLA member. According to the investigator, Smith used his contacts with NAMBLA to trade child pornography and arrange sex with children.
*Johnathan Tampico was convicted of child molestation in 1989 and paroled in 1992 on condition of not possessing child pornography. After breaking his parole, he was found after a broadcast of America's Most Wanted. He was arrested and convicted on child pornography charges. In his sentencing, the court found that Tampico was a member of NAMBLA, that NAMBLA supported a foster home in Thailand that sexually exploited children, and that Tampico and others traveled to Thailand in order to have unlimited access to young boys at the foster home, as evidenced by a number of Polaroid pictures, provided by Thai officials, depicting Tampico with young Thai boys sitting on his lap.
[cite web|year=2001|title=Tampico v. United States Of ] [cite web|year=2001|title=Tampico v. United States Of ]
*James C. Parker, a New York man who, according to court records, told the police that he was a member of NAMBLA, was arrested in 2000 and convicted in 2001 of committing sodomy with a young boy.
[cite web|year=2003|title=The People Of The State Of New York v James C. Parker, ]
Publicity regarding these incidents — in addition to deeply felt opposition to the movement's views -- have led to extreme controversy surrounding the movement's activities and members. Many in the movement have professed that they don't uphold or support the ideals of NAMBLA due to the controversy attributed to its doctrines and the crimes involved with it.
Notes and references
*Lilienfeld, Scott O. When worlds collide: Social science, politics, and the Rind et al.
(1998) child sexual abuse meta-analysis. American Psychologist
. 57(3), Mar 2002, 176-188.
* Ashford, L. (2002). http://hfp.puellula.com The Human Face of Pedophilia
* Brongersma, E. (1990). http://www.ipce.info/library_3/files/brong90_text.htm Boy-Lovers and Their Influence on Boys
. Journal of Homosexuality 20 - 1/2, 1990.
* CLogo Team (2003). http://www.clogo.org/Pedophiles/index.html Pedophiles
* Dallam, S. J. (2002), "http://www.ipce.info/library_3/files/dallam_02.htm Science or Propaganda? An examination of Rind, Tromovitch and Bauserman (1998)
". Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
* De Young M. (1988). "The indignant page: techniques of neutralization in the publications of pedophile organizations." Child Abuse & Neglect
, 12 (4
* De Young, M. (1989). "The world according to NAMBLA: Accounting for deviance". Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare
, 16, 111-126.
* Gieles F.E.J. (1998). http://www.ipce.info/ipceweb/Library/i_did_not_know.htm I didn't know how to deal with it
* Gieles F.E.J. (2004). http://home.wanadoo.nl/ipce/newsletters/e_17/statement_ethics.htm Ethics and Intimacy in intergenerational relationships
* Hohmann, Joachim S. ed. (1982). Pädophilie heute
("Pedophila today", in German). Foerster Verlag, Frankfurt/Main, Germany.
* Leopardi, Angelo ed. (1988). Der pädosexuelle Komplex
("On the topic of pedosexuality", in German). Foerster Verlag, Frankfurt/Main, Germany.
* Fagan P.J., Wise T.N., et al. (2002). "http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/288/19/2458 Pedophilia
* Moser C., Kleinplatz P. (2003). DSM-IV-TR and the Paraphilias: An Argument for Removal
* Nelson J.A. (1989). "http://www.ipce.info/ipceweb/Library/nelson.htm Intergenerational Sexual Contact: A Continuum Model of Participants and Experiences
". Journal of Sex Education & Therapy
, Vol. 15, No.1, 1989, pp.3-12.
* O'Carroll T. (1980). http://www.geocities.com/transrescen/radcase/ Paedophilia: The Radical Case
. Peter Owen, London.
* Protestantse Stichting voor Verantwoorde Gezinsvorming
, (1981). http://www.ipce.info/library_3/files/psvg_81_en.htm Pedophilia
. PSVG, The Netherlands.
. http://www.daretospeak.net/paiderastia/ethics.html A Boylove Code of Ethics
* Rossman P. (1976) Sexual Experience Between Men and Boys: Exploring the Pederast Underground
. Association Press, New York.
* Spieker, B.; Steutel, J. (1997). http://www.ipce.info/ipceweb/Library/99-126_spieck_steu.htm Paedophilia, Sexual Desire and Perversity
. Journal of Moral Education, 09/01/1997.
* Underwager R., Wakefield H. (1997). http://www.ipt-forensics.com/library/special_problems12.htm Special Problems with Sexual Abuse Cases
. Coping with psychiatric and psychological testimony, Supplement to the Fifth Edition (Out of Print) (pp. 136-147). Los Angeles, CA: Law and Psychology Press.
* Vereniging MARTIJN
(2004). http://www.martijn.org/page.php?id=200000 What we Stand for
. Vereniging MARTIJN.
* Schuijer, J. (1990). "Tolerance at arm's length: The Dutch experience." Journal of Homosexuality
, 20, 199-229.
* Abolition of age of consent laws
* Age disparity in sexual relationships
* Child sexual abuse
* Child sexuality
* Danish Pedophile Association
* Paedophile Information Exchange
* Partij voor Naastenliefde, Vrijheid en Diversiteit (NVD)
* Rene Guyon Society
* Rind, et al
* North American Man/Boy Love Association
* http://nld.puellula.com/Main.html Neptune Links Directory, Comprehensive, streamed links, on the advocacy website, Puellula.
* http://www.ipce.info/ "Ipce", Online organisation that produces a newsletter for the movement. They have a large database of research material and articles.
* http://www.ipce.info/host/radicase/preface.htm Paedophilia - The Radical Case, a book by activist Tom O'Carroll
* http://www.martijn.org/ MARTIJN, Dutch association for the acceptance of pedophilia and adult-child relationships
* http://agetaboo.org/ Age Taboo, information, myths, gay youth and modern pederasty
* http://www.forumbolt.com/index.php?mforum=pacm2 PACM, Pedophiles Against Child Molestation Forum, devoted to admitted pedophiles and nonpedophiles who accept their orientation, but do not advocate making lawful sex with minors.
* http://www.liberatedfromabuse.com/boylove.html Boylove: Based on research, and interaction.
* http://www.newhousenews.com/archive/story1c032602.html Controversial Studies Push Change in Society's View of Pedophilia, Newhouse News Service, 2002.
* http://www.newsmax.com/archives/articles/2004/9/23/94446.shtml Academics Defend Pedophilia, NewsMax, 2004.
* http://www.leadershipcouncil.org/1/med/chic.html "Pedophilia Chic" Reconsidered: The taboo against sex with children continues to erode., Weekly Standard, 2001
* http://www.nytimes.com/2006/08/21/technology/21pedo.html?ei=5094&en=79822c4e3a3e6773&hp=&ex=1156219200&partner=homepage&pagewanted=all "From Their Own Online World, Pedophiles Extend Their Reach" By Kurt Eichenwald, New York Times, August 21, 2006
* http://www.chowk.com/show_article.cgi?aid=00000632&channel=gulberg "Of Boylove and Boylovers" By Sabia Ahmed, Chowk, August 31, 1999
* http://www.liberatedfromabuse.com/boylove.html Boylove: Based on research, and interaction.
* http://paedosexualitaet.de/org/index.html A list of pedophile-related organizations, with some information on each.