Pope Leo III, Talk:Pope Leo III
(died June 12
) was Pope
from 795 to 816.
Leo announced his election to Charlemagne
, sending him the keys of Saint Peter's tomb
and the banner of Rome
, requesting an envoy. Charlemagne in his reply stated that it was his function to defend the church and the Pope's to pray for the realm and for victory of the army.
Leo, coming from a common-folk background, aroused the hostility of the Rome's nobility, who saw the papal post as reserved for noble candidates. In April 799 he was attacked by a gang, who attempted to gouge out his eyes and cut off his tongue. He was then formally deposed and sent to a monastery, but escaped and made his way to Charlemagne, who did not recognise the deposition. The opposition in Rome sent representatives to Charlemagne to present their case. Alcuin
, Charlemagne's adviser, pointed out that no earthly power could judge the Pope, and so Leo was escorted back to Rome.
Charlemagne went to Rome in November 800, and on December 1
held a council there with representatives of both sides. Leo, on December 23
, took an oath of purgation concerning the charges brought against him, and his opponents were exiled. Two days later Leo crowned Charlemagne after the latter prayed at St. Peter's tomb. Charlemagne was to intervene in church affairs, not always successfully.
Leo helped restore King Eardulf
, and settled various matters of dispute between the Archbishops of York
. He also reversed the decision of his predecessor in regards to the granting of the pallium
to the bishop of Lichfield
. He believed that the English episcopate had been misrepresented before Hadrian and that therefore his act was invalid. In 803, Lichfield was a regular diocese again.
The reasons for the coronation, the involvement beforehand of the Frankish
court, and the relationship to the Byzantine Empire
are all matters of debate among historians. An effective administrator of the papal territories, Leo contributed to the beautification of Rome.
His feast day
, formerly, was June 12.
*http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/einhard.html Translation of Einhard's Life of Charlemagne (c. 817-830, translated in 1880)Leo IIILeo IIILeo 03Leo 03bg:Лъв III (папа)cs:Lev III.da:Pave Leo 3.de:Leo III. (Papst)el:Πάπας Λέων Γ΄es:León III (Papa)fr:Léon III (pape)gl:León III, Papako:교황 레오 3세it:Papa Leone IIIhe:לאו השלישיjv:Paus Leo IIIla:Leo IIIhu:III. Leó pápanl:Paus Leo IIIja:レオ3世 (ローマ教皇)pl:Papież Leon IIIpt:Papa Leão IIIru:Лев III (папа римский)fi:Pyhä Leo IIIsv:Leo III (påve)zh:良三世