Psychosomatic illness, Talk:Psychosomatic illness
, now more commonly referred to as psychophysiologic illness
, is an illness whose symptoms are caused by mental processes of the sufferer rather than immediate physiological causes. If a medical examination can find no physical or organic cause, if an illness appears to result from emotional conditions such as anger, anxiety, depression and guilt, then it might be classified psychosomatic. The interaction between psychological factors and the immune system
is studied in psychoneuroimmunology
Psychosomatic symptoms show that a human body can create physical symptoms that compensate for relationship deficiencies. (For example, hypnosis-induced allergic reactions indicate that a person's immune response can dramatically change during an intense mind-body relationship).
Very often, psychosomatic illness is influenced by external factors or players. Severe stress caused by factors in work, relationship, and family are known to cause bowel illness and accompanying dehydration, stomach or headaches, incontinence, or loss of hair.
Psychosomatic illness should not be confused with somatopsychic Somatopsychic illness is an illness where the mental and psychological processes of the sufferer are affected by physiological causes. Emotional conditions similar to psychosomatic illness are experienced as well as decreased mental functioning. Physiological factors involved include, but are not limited to, cases of persons diagnosed with chronic pain and/or a physical disorder, cases where the person experiences frequent episodes of pain over a long period of time, and cases where a person has exacerbated levels of physical pain over a prolonged period of
Although psychosomatic disease might improve or disappear following suggestion by a recognized authority, both the psycho and somatic aspects of psychosomatic symptoms may vanish if people improve the relationship of mind to body.
and bulimia nervosa
, for example, are usually considered to be psychosomatic illnesses, although there is a growing body of evidence for a physiological explanation for anorexic behaviours. Like many eating disorders, they respond well to relationship coaching and various forms of psychotherapy.
Emotional conditions such as anger, anxiety, depression and guilt can be treated using Hypnotherapy
and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing
, among other therapies, although these two particular treatments are considered controversial by many.
Many identifiable illnesses have previously been labelled as 'hysterical
' or 'psychosomatic', for example asthma
, and migraine
s. Some illnesses are under debate, including multiple chemical sensitivity
, Gulf War Syndrome
, and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
. Some people suggest that stigmatics
suffer a psychosomatic illness based on identifying with the biblical crucified Jesus.
* Illness as Metaphor
* Munchausen syndrome
* Tension myositis syndrome
* Placebo (origins of technical term)
* http://nccam.nih.gov/health/backgrounds/mindbody.htm Mind-Body Medicine: An Overview
, US National Institutes of Health, Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine
* http://www.psychosomaticmedicine.org/ Psychosomatic Medicine
* http://www.mindbodymedicine.com/ Mindbody Medicine
* http://www.psychosomatic.org/ American Psychosomatic Society
* http://www.med.umich.edu/1libr/aha/umpsysom.htm University of Michigan
* http://www.nlm.nih.gov/hmd/emotions/psychosomatic.html NIH
* http://www.uihealthcare.com/topics/mentalemotionalhealth/ment3166.html University of IowaCategory:Mind-body interventionsCategory:Psychological conditionsde:Psychosomatikes:Afecciones psicosomáticasfr:Psychosomatiquehe:מחלה פסיכוסומטיתlt:Psichosomatikapl:Choroba psychosomatycznafi:Psykosomatiikkasv:Psykosomatiskzh:心身疾病