Social ecology, Talk:Social ecology
, Institute for Social Ecology
is, in the words of its leading exponents, "a coherent radical critique of current social, political, and anti-ecological trends" as well as "a reconstructive, ecological, communitarian, and ethical approach to society". Social Ecology is a radical view of ecology
and of social/political systems.
Social Ecologists believe that the current ecological crisis
is the product of capitalism
. They believe it is not the number of people, but the way people relate to one another that has fueled the current economic, social, and ecological crises that the world currently faces. Over-consumption
are thus symptoms, not causes, of a deeper issue with ethical relationship
s within societies.
Social Ecology and Anarchism
Undoubtedly Social Ecology is one of the most influential currents in the eco-anarchist
thread within anarchism
. Social Ecology is associated with the ideas and works of Murray Bookchin
, who had written on such matters from the 1950s
until his death, and, from the 1960s
, had combined these issues with revolutionary social anarchism
. His works include Post-Scarcity Anarchism
, Toward an Ecological Society
, The Ecology of Freedom
and a host of others.
Social Ecology locates the roots of the ecological crisis
firmly in relations of domination
between people. The domination of nature
is seen as a product of domination within society
, but this domination only reaches crisis proportions under capitalism
. In the words of Murray Bookchin
:"The notion that man must dominate nature emerges directly from the domination of man by man… But it was not until organic community
relations… dissolved into market
relationships that the planet itself was reduced to a resource for exploitation
. This centuries-long tendency finds its most exacerbating development in modern capitalism. Owing to its inherently competitive nature, bourgeois society not only pits humans against each other, it also pits the mass of humanity against the natural world. Just as men are converted into commodities, so every aspect of nature is converted into a commodity, a resource to be manufactured and merchandised wantonly." (Op. Cit.
, p. 63)
:"The plundering of the human spirit by the market place is paralleled by the plundering of the earth by capital." (Ibid.
, p. 65)
The University of California, Irvine
offers a Bachelor's degree in Social Ecology.
*http://www.social-ecology.org/ Institute for Social Ecology (ISE)
* http://libcom.org/library/taxonomy/term/9 Libertarian Communist Library Murray Bookchin holdings
*http://www.uws.edu.au/about/acadorg/caess/ssell/research/socialecologyresearchgroup Social Ecology Research Group
*http://www.barrameda.com.ar/ecology The Ecology by barrameda.com.arCategory:AnarchismCategory:BioethicsCategory:EcologyCategory:Currents within green politicscs:Sociální ekologieel:Κοινωνική οικολογίαes:Ecología socialfr:Écologie socialeit:Ecologia socialenn:Sosialøkologismepl:Ekologia społecznaru:Социальная экология (движение)